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Thread: Japanese Terminology

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    Exclamation Japanese Terminology

    Here is a list of terms used in Japanese dojo's. I will update it from time to time. I will try to include the kanji whenever possible.

    Martial Arts Dictionary
    Bujutsu no Hyakkajiten 武術の百科事典

    Numbers:
    1. ichi - 一
    2. ni - 二
    3. san - 三
    4. shi or yon - 四
    5. go - 五
    6. roku - 六
    7. shichi or nana - 七
    8. hachi - 八
    9. ku or kyu - 九
    10. ju - 十

    Arts:
    Kempo - 拳法, karate(empty hand) - 空手, karate(china hand) - 唐手,

    Aikido - 合気道, Jujutsu - 柔術, Judo - 柔道,
    Sei Kosho Shorei Kai - 真古松将励会, KyokuShin-Kai - 極真会

    Stances - Tachi 立ち
    parallel - heiko dachi 平行立ち
    feet together - heisoku dachi 閉足立ち
    horseriding - kiba dachi 騎馬立ち
    backward (leaning) - kokutsu dachi 後屈立ち
    forward (leaning) - zenkutsu dachi 前屈立ち
    3 wars - sanchin dachi 三戦立ち
    cat foot - neko ashi dachi 猫足立ち

    Hand techniques - Te Waza 手技:
    fist - ken
    handsword - shuto 手刀
    spearhand - nukite 貫手
    ridgehand - haito 背刀
    hammerfist - tettsui ken 鉄槌拳
    palm heel - shotei

    Blocking Techniques - Uke Waza 受け技
    rising block - age uke 揚げ受け
    knifehand block - shuto uke 手刀受け
    outside in middle block - soto chudan uke 外中段受け
    reverse (inside out)middle block - ura chudan uke 裏中断受け, or uchi ude uke 内腕受け



    more to come...
    Last edited by Blackcatbonz; 10-25-2005 at 03:17 PM.

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    Very handy on the numbers - thanks!
    Susan A. Spann

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    if ive made any mistakes....please correct me

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    Quote Originally Posted by Blackcatbonz
    if ive made any mistakes....please correct me
    OK.... but you'll still need to do pushups.


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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    Quote Originally Posted by Blackcatbonz
    ...
    10. ju - 十
    ...
    Hi Shawn,

    Another great topic.

    In our dojo, we used to use ju for ten until we had a visiting Japanese exchange student explain that we should use 'to'. We've been using it ever since. I'm not sure why..

    I studied Japanese for two years in High School, so I was pleasantly surprised that Kosho Shorei Ryu places such emphasis on learning the spoken and written (and a whole slew of other Japanese cultural items).

    However, for all of the kanji and martial specific terms learned we have yet to cover proper ettiquette. I've often wondered if a seminar on the basics of Nihongo (i.e., sentence structure, ettiquette, kana recognition) would be a good idea. I almost started on post on the very topic..

    Regards,

    Ben

    P.S. I wish my browser supported kanji . I love finding kanji for words I know and also finding the Japanese for kanji I come across..

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    using "to" is in reference to something....like saying "ten things" would be "to".
    for general counting ive have always used ju. ive had several japanese teachers , attended school with japanese classmates and thats how we always did it.
    learning japanese sentence structure definitely requires a teacher of japanese.....someone who is or has been immersed in the language.
    when i decided to really start learning japanese i picked up a book......i realised that while well intentioned, gaijin that write books for gaijin to learn the language structure do so with western thinking in mind. i didnt learn this lesson until my japanese language and culture teacher pointed it out to me.

    as far as etiquette goes, i think there should be classes that devote time to teaching it. there is nothing wrong with learning something about a culture other than our own, i also think it helps people to get into the mindset of why things are done a certain way.
    when i studied shiatsu, our first few months of classes were concentrated on learning the shiatsu "kata" or full body treatment.....any questions that arose during these classes were answered with, "later".
    this is how things are done in a lot of japanese schools......first learn the form, and then learn why you are doing it.
    many times mistakes are made or left out entirely because the teacher lacks the knowledge.

    one of the reasons i enjoy kosho is because they put an emphasis on learning the cultural arts and bring something more to the student besides punching and kicking.

    i dont know what kind of browser you are using, but if its internet explorer you need to install east asian language support off of your windows xp cd-rom.

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    I have never hear of fist = ken. Ken = sword along with many other meanings.

    kobushi or genkotsu is for fist. kobushi also means feudal warrior or samurai.

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    i should have added that.....i used Ken because of the way it is used in Kempo, tettsui ken, etc. that way, for the people who didnt know, they understand that Ken is sometimes used for fist.

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    Nice post and very usefull. I think I have some links to other sites that have Japanese terminolgies posted.

    The only one I can think of from the top of my head is from the Danzan Ryu web site (http://www.danzan.com/HTML/VOCAB/dzrvocab.html) but I am sure that a net search would foster equally good results.

    Regards,
    Walt

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    Quote Originally Posted by kroh
    Nice post and very usefull. I think I have some links to other sites that have Japanese terminolgies posted.

    The only one I can think of from the top of my head is from the Danzan Ryu web site (http://www.danzan.com/HTML/VOCAB/dzrvocab.html) but I am sure that a net search would foster equally good results.

    Regards,
    Walt
    thanks, Walt.
    im hoping to make it pretty comprehensive, including terminology that you would find in may different systems.

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    Default Re: Japanese Terminology

    Cool, if I find more I'll post them.
    Regards,
    Walt

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    Post Re: Japanese Terminology

    Quote Originally Posted by Blackcatbonz View Post
    Here is a list of terms used in Japanese dojo's. I will update it from time to time. I will try to include the kanji whenever possible.

    Martial Arts Dictionary
    Bujutsu no Hyakkajiten 武術の百科事典

    Numbers:
    1. ichi - 一
    2. ni - 二
    3. san - 三
    4. shi or yon - 四
    5. go - 五
    6. roku - 六
    7. shichi or nana - 七
    8. hachi - 八
    9. ku or kyu - 九
    10. ju - 十

    Arts:
    Kempo - 拳法, karate(empty hand) - 空手, karate(china hand) - 唐手,

    Aikido - 合気道, Jujutsu - 柔術, Judo - 柔道,
    Sei Kosho Shorei Kai - 真古松将励会, KyokuShin-Kai - 極真会

    Stances - Tachi 立ち
    parallel - heiko dachi 平行立ち
    feet together - heisoku dachi 閉足立ち
    horseriding - kiba dachi 騎馬立ち
    backward (leaning) - kokutsu dachi 後屈立ち
    forward (leaning) - zenkutsu dachi 前屈立ち
    3 wars - sanchin dachi 三戦立ち
    cat foot - neko ashi dachi 猫足立ち

    Hand techniques - Te Waza 手技:
    fist - ken
    handsword - shuto 手刀
    spearhand - nukite 貫手
    ridgehand - haito 背刀
    hammerfist - tettsui ken 鉄槌拳
    palm heel - shotei

    Blocking Techniques - Uke Waza 受け技
    rising block - age uke 揚げ受け
    knifehand block - shuto uke 手刀受け
    outside in middle block - soto chudan uke 外中段受け
    reverse (inside out)middle block - ura chudan uke 裏中断受け, or uchi ude uke 内腕受け



    more to come...
    I like to refer to the Dojo Desk Reference when studying Japanese terminology. I found it on iTunes for only $9.99 and it has over 500 pages. I always find what I am looking for when I use the Dojo Desk Reference. A real buy and easy to use.

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