Ed Parker Sr. Memories
Freestyle 4 of 7

1. FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE - The furthermost part of your defensive posture
(but closest to your opponent) that is initially used as your first


YOUR FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE requires knowledge of the:
1. DIMENSIONAL STAGES OF ACTION - The viewing of the space or gap
between you and an opponent from all aspects of height, width,
depth, and direction, with regard to the distances that are
necessary in maintaining, closing, controlling, and opening the
gap. Each view or stage logically requires long, medium, and close
range techniques while closing in on an opponent, or when covering
out. Of particular interest is the staggering number of
alternatives that exist when employing close range techniques.
They include not only strikes, but various methods of CONTOURING,

YOUR FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE you can then shift into:
1. TRANSITORY MOVES - In-between moves that often take place when
moving from one position to another. Their employment can be
crucial in certain instances, and, often produces dual effects.

TRANSITORY MOVES are effective when employing:
1. DEPTH DECEPTION - Conditioning your opponent to accept an
established depth range, then making a switch that will
lengthen or shorten that range when he least expects it.

2. WIDTH DECEPTION - Conditioning your opponent to be accustomed
to seeing a particular width of a stance or movement and
changing it without him being aware of it.

3. HEIGHT DECEPTION - Conditioning your opponent to accept an
established height pattern, then altering the pattern when he
least expects it.

TRANSITORY MOVES can help you to:
1. ADVANCE - To move forward toward an opponent.
ADVANCING helps in:
1. FILLING THE GAP - Generally refers to occupying the
distance that exists between you and your opponent more

1. BRIDGE - To close and link the gaps that occur between
you and your opponent. See CLOSING THE GAP.

a. Learn to close the gap while you are feinting. You
may actually decrease the distance between you and
your opponent by half. This will help you gain
time as you deceive your opponent's defenses as
well as allow you to strike the target of your

TO BRIDGE you must consider your:
1. ANGLE OF ENTRY -- any degree, or path (angle) of
approach, whether linear or circular in execution,
that allows you or your opponent access to
specific targets. The path of approach can be
executed horizontally, diagonally or vertically
from any direction.

2. LINE OF ENTRY -- a specific path and direction of
entry. It is that line or path of penetration that
allows you or your opponent access to targets vertical ascension or dissension.

The weapon may be executed vertically upward or downward
depending on whether you or your opponent are
standing or in a prone position. To thwart your
opponent's efforts you may (depending on your lead
leg and how it is matched with that of your
opponent's lead leg) be (1) on the line of entry,
(2) on top of the line of entry (on top of your
opponent's foot), (3) inside of the line of entry,
or (4) over the line of entry.

Ed Parker Sr. Memories
Archived with the permission of Ed Parker Jr.
Ed Parker Sr. was the founder of the art known today as American Kenpo.
In these files, Ed Parker Jr. shares his fathers unpublished notes and other memories with us.